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Tuesday, October 20, 2020 | History

1 edition of Towards higher productivity and efficiency in agriculture found in the catalog.

Towards higher productivity and efficiency in agriculture

Towards higher productivity and efficiency in agriculture

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Published by Agricultural Institute of Malaysia in [Kuala Lumpur] .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Malaysia
    • Subjects:
    • Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- Malaysia -- Congresses.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementDato" Abu Bakar Mahmud ... [et al.].
      ContributionsAbu Bakar Mahmud, Dato"., Agricultural Institute of Malaysia., Asian Agriculture, Agrotechnology, Agribusiness Conference (2nd : 1986 : Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHD2080.6 .T68 1986
      The Physical Object
      Paginationx, 406 p. :
      Number of Pages406
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL2518146M
      LC Control Number87942936

      Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth in agriculture assesses the contribution of knowledge and efficiency towards raising agricultural production. For a comprehensive study of growth of the agriculture sector, TFP analyses should include the allied sectors like livestock, forestry and fishing as by: 1. Silage maize (Zea mays L.) is the dominating energy crop for biogas production due to its high biomass yield potential, but alternatives are currently being discussed to avoid environmental problems arising from maize grown continuously. This study evaluates the productivity and resource use efficiency of different bioenergy crops and cropping systems using experimental Cited by: 4.

        Efficiency vs Productivity. Efficiency and productivity are two very important concepts in economics and also two that confuse many because of the obvious similarities between the two. Both concepts pertain to improving production in any company engaged in manufacturing and even in agriculture or services sectors of the economy. Downloadable! The agriculture sector plays a crucial role in the overall development of the country. The sector shares about 24 percent of the GDP and employs about 44 percent of the workforce in the country. Crops sub-sector is the major contributor towards agriculture, sharing more than 53 percent of the value-added. Wheat, being the staple food of Pakistanis, carries .

        O’Donnell C, Nguyen K () An econometric approach to estimating support prices and measures of productivity change in public hospitals. J Prod Anal 40(3)– CrossRef Google Scholar Pan M, Walden J () Measuring productivity in a shared stock fishery: a case study of the Hawaii longline : Christopher J. O’Donnell. to efficiency estimation, while Section introduces variants of the mathematical programming approach to efficiency estimation. Section introduces the Malmquist productivity index, and shows how to decompose it into various sources of productivity change, including variation in productive Size: KB.


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Towards higher productivity and efficiency in agriculture Download PDF EPUB FB2

Agricultural productivity, especially in countries where agriculture is a major economic sector and the productivity gap among the primary sector and other industries and services is the Size: 1MB.

Agricultural productivity and efficiency is at the centre of many of the debates, towards achieving national, regional or global targets on agricultural with a higher yield corresponding to higher productivity. It quickly becomes apparent that the challenge with this and.

The data sets are used to estimate and explain state level productivity and efficiency differences, and to test different approaches to productivity measurement. The rise in agricultural productivity is the single most important source of economic growth in the U.S.

farm sector, and the rate of productivity growth is estimated to be higher in agriculture than in. This report reviews the literature on competitiveness, productivity and efficiency in the agricultural and agri-food sectors.

It clarifies concepts and terminology used in Author: Laure Latruffe. improve resource efficiency, this is challenging in agriculture, as working with living organisms in outside conditions introduces variability and limits to growth.

To monitor progress made towards higher productivity, which indicates an improved output over input ratio, Total Factor Productivity (TFP) offers an. This report reviews the literature on competitiveness, productivity and efficiency in the agricultural and agri-food sectors.

It clarifies concepts and terminology used in this area, and provides a critical assessment of approaches and indicators used in the literature to measure competitiveness, productivity and efficiency at sectoral and farm by: Indexes of productivity can therefore be simply referred to as the ratio of aggregate output index to an index for total factor use.

In assessing growth, sustainability, and competitiveness in the agricultural sector, proper identification and measurement of agricultural productivity. Journal of Integrative Agriculture15(4): – REVIEW Available online at ScienceDirect Towards sustainable intensification of apple production in China — Yield gaps and nutrient use efficiency in apple farming systems WANG Na1, 2*, Joost Wolf1*, ZHANG Fu-suo2 1 Plant Production Systems, Department of Plant Sciences, Cited by: Nitrogen is the most yield-restraining nutrient in crop production globally.

Efficient nitrogen management is one of the most important factor for improving nitrogen use efficiency, field crops productivity and profitability.

During –18, extended sustainable land management practices covered approximat hectares, leading to improvements in productivity, produce quality, and long-term land protection. Education. Per-student financing formula introduced, increasing transparency and efficiency in general education (grades 1–12).

size of the farm, ignoring other factors of production and inputs, land productivity is said to be, at best, an incomplete measure of economic efficiency.

This study will address this issue in the Paraguayan context. Small farms have both higher land productivity and equal or better technical efficiency. activity toward higher productivity produc-ers (both among existing plants and through entry and exit) in explaining aggregate pro-ductivity growth.

Hsieh and Klenow () ask how much larger the Chinese and Indian economies would be if they achieved the same efficiency in allocating inputs across production units as does the United States. Review of Literature on Productivity Introduction The review in this study is restricted mainly to literature on productivity in agriculture.

There are studies at international level comparing the level and growth trend of countries, developed as well File Size: KB. Defining productivity and yield D. Dawe and A.

Dobermann IRRI’s project IR2, “Sustaining soil quality in intensive rice systems,” uses a number of different terms relating to productivity and yield. These terms are sometimes not used consistently by agronomists and economists, and frequent misunderstandings occur on the part of Size: 49KB.

Agricultural Investment, Production Capacity and Productivity Lydia Zepeda. This chapter provides an overview of current economic thinking on some aspects of agricultural investment and productivity, especially in the context of developing countries. Productivity is essentially the efficiency in which a company or economy can transform resources into goods, potentially creating more from less.

Productivity can effectively raise living standards through decreasing the required monetary investment in everyday necessities (and luxuries), making consumers wealthier and business more profitable and in turn enabling higher government tax revenues. Even with PNISA's higher spending, Mozambique falls short of its 6% annual agricultural growth target.

Achieving this target requires a further increase in spending; a reallocation of resources towards higher-return investments; and/or an increase in spending efficiency (i.e., larger productivity gains).Cited by: 5. Improving productivity in agriculture in a sustainable manner is today a realistic target.

Nuclear science offers proven techniques that can and are being used to improve productivity while conserving valuable resources needed for today and for the future.

More information is available on the Agency’s WorldAtom website:File Size: 92KB. ADVERTISEMENTS: The measurement of production and inputs required for the produc­tion of that output is known as agricultural productivity. In other words, it is an input-output ratio.

In traditional measurement of agri­cultural productivity geographers and economists used to take into account the inputs like labour and capital and see them as costs which are incurred [ ]. WATER PRODUCTIVITY OF IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE IN INDIA: POTENTIAL AREAS FOR IMPROVEMENT M.

Dinesh Kumar 1, O.P. Singh 2, Madar Samad 3, Hugh Turral 4 and Chaitali Purohit 5 Abstract The objective of the study is to explore the scope for water productivity enhancement in irrigated agriculture.

Crop production depends on the successful implementation of the soil, water, and nutrient management technologies. Food production by the year needs to be increased by 50 percent more than the present levels to satisfy the needs of around 8 billion people.

Much of the increase would have to come from intensification of agricultural production. Importance of Cited by: What they do show is an increase in productivity, which is a very different thing.

Productivity means the amount produced per unit area of land or per person employed. There is no doubt that both these indices of agricultural production have increased enormously in the last half century. But efficiency has actually gone down over the same period.In order to explain the differences between productivity and efficiency, we must first understand what they exactly mean.

To put it in simpler terms, we are talking about differences between quantity and quality. It is nearly impossible to obtain % quality, while having productivity levels up at maximum. There should be a middle ground in.